An aperture determines the size of the hole that light passes through, so more expensive (smaller) glass has a larger light-sensitive surface area. However, the laws of physics dictate that lower end cameras with fewer megapixels are just as good at low light photography as higher end cameras because their lenses perform better at low light.
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1. Prepare to Use High ISO
Looking to capture the perfect shot but maybe the lighting isn’t great? Trying to stop the action at a little league game and needing a higher shutter speed? Raising the ISO on your camera will allow you to shoot at a higher shutter speed, giving you a better chance of getting the perfect shot.
2. Try Something Different
Every sports picture doesn’t have to look the same. A few years ago, several photographers from a little American magazine tried something different for football. Instead of shooting at eye level, they laid as low to the ground as they could in the end zone with a wide angle lens.
3. Don’t Forget the Surroundings
This may seem like a no-brainer, but don’t forget your surroundings. Whether it be a stadium full of cheering fans, to the tailgating outside, the surroundings present unique opportunities to capture the spirit of the game without shooting the action itself.
4. Be Prepared With an Equipment Belt or Bag
Ever wonder why sports photographers carry so much equipment? It’s because we like to build bigger muscles while walking.
5. Long Glass Goes a Long Way
The key to capturing the perfect shot in sports comes down to relatively few things. One of the most important things is glass. Sports photography, unlike any other type, occasionally requires the biggest and most expensive equipment available.
6. Don’t Chimp, Please
Every sports photographer is guilty of "chimping". If you’re unfamiliar with the term, this definition will clear everything up.
7. Use a Slow Shutter Speed
A slow shutter speed? Earlier I said to use 1/1000 of a second to capture the action and stop it…